Battle of Antietam - Taking of the Bridge on Antietam Creek/Library of Congress
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- Fought in the United States between 1861 and 1865
- Preceded by the secession of 11 southern slave states and the formation
of the Confederate States of America in response to the election of
Abraham Lincoln as the President of the United States (President Lincoln
was opposed to the expansion of slavery beyond the states in which it
- Began on April 12, 1861 when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter, a U.S. military installation located in South Carolina
- Ended on April 9, 1865 with Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender to Union
General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia
- Estimated casualties: More than 600,000 dead and hundreds of thousands more wounded
- Result: Union victory, Emancipation of slaves, Reconstruction