African-American Civil Rights Movement
- The African-American Civil Rights Movement refers to the extensive reform movements in the United States that occurred in the mid-1950's all the way
through the late 1960's.
- The movement aimed to ultimately end racial discrimination and demand equal justice through civil disobedience and other forms of non-violent protests,
- Several civil rights organizations took part in the movement, such as:
- NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
- CORE (Congress of Racial Equality)
- SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee)
- SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference)
- The movement provoked fierce opposition from segregationists in the South. Retaliation from white supremacists were often violent and sometimes deadly.
- Although plagued with all kinds of hostility and antagonism, the movement had facilitated important changes in legislation:
- The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin in employment practices and
- The Voting Rights Act of 1965, which banned any discriminatory voting practices that for so long had disfranchised many African-Americans in the
- The Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibited discrimination in the sale and rental of housing
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